(44) A review of the most popular
scientific theories of the world.
1. The evolution theory
The science of instinct, desire, and karm
2. General relativity of Einstein
3. Quantum mechanics
Scientists of the world had no preconceived theory or any definite
guideline on which to proceed. Following the principle of trial and error
they started working in various fields. Based on their insufficient
findings, when they discovered something, they formulated a theory out of
their own imagination that it might have been that way. Thus, the actual
scientific findings which they discovered out of their hard labor and
sincere efforts may have been correct, but the theories that they
formulated were based on their imaginations, and their imaginations were
conditioned to the limitations of their own understanding. Thus, the
theories, that are in some way related to the creation or evolution of the
world and are beyond the scope of their direct experiments, are not
1. The evolution theory.
The Theory of Evolution was originally introduced by
the early thinkers and it was further emphasized by Darwin when he first
produced his book called the “Origin of Species” in 1859. Later on some
more people added their theories to the evolution theory of mankind.
General concept of the evolution theory.
It tells that about three and a half billion years ago
some microorganisms like bacteria originated and took the shape of amoeba
(microscopic unicellular protozoa), and from that all the plants, trees,
worms and animals were evolved. Mammals, birds, fish and reptiles were all
evolved from aquatic worms about 600 million years ago.
The very first Primates appeared about 70
million years ago who were fruit eating, tree living shrews (like mice).
They became monkeys around 40 million years ago, apes around 20 million
years ago, gorillas around 8 million years ago, and then chimpanzees
around 5 million years ago. Then came an amazing change. The semi-erect
walking habit of gorillas and chimpanzees changed, their spinal curvature
was straightened, proportion of arms and legs was corrected, foot
formation was modified, size of the brain was increased, position of the
head was adjusted in order to see straight, and, around 4 million years
ago, they were transformed into bipeds who could walk on two feet and were
called the first Hominids. Then final refinements happened. Their
dental structure was fully modified and the size and the length of their
teeth was adjusted. Their brain nerve cells were increased and it went
through specialized development to enhance its capabilities, and between
1,500,000 and 300,000 years ago, they adopted a human shape and were
called Homo erectus. Between 400,000 and 250,000 years ago Homo
erectus evolved into Homo sapiens. By 100,000 years ago they evolved into
modern man, and were called Homo sapiens sapiens. They first
appeared in Africa and Asia about 100,000 years ago. Then they showed up
in Europe around 40,000 to 35,000 years ago, America 30,000 years ago and
Australia 25,000 years ago. Their brain size was almost double than that
of the gorillas. Homo erectus used hunting tools, made fire and used skin
garments. That’s the theory of human evolution.
The theorists use certain terms to express their
process of evolution, like: natural selection, adaptation,
recombination (of genes), genetic drift and mutation.
According to this theory: (a) Fish or aquatic animals,
when exposed to the grounds, developed a need to breathe properly, so they
developed a lung-like structure and became frogs (an amphibian). These
frogs kept on jumping all the time and disturbing the atmosphere, so the
nature pushed them down and they became reptiles like lizards, snakes and
crocodiles. Tired of their slow motion they then evolved into running
dinosaurs, from a miniature size to a real monstrous size. Feeling great
they stamped the grounds of Asia, Europe and America when an unknown
natural calamity happened and all the big dinosaurs died around 65 million
years ago. They lived between 250 to 65 million years ago.
(b) A few fossils dating 140 to 120 million years ago
were found mostly in Germany and one near London. They were believed to be
about the size of a medium to large crow and of an estimated body weight
of 200 to 500 grams. They were named ‘Archaeopteryx’ and had two legs and
a feathered wing-like structure with claws on their wings, and
dinosaur-like mouth and teeth. On that basis, the theorists formed the
idea that dinosaurs became birds, but which bird was the first, they
didn’t know, and how did they shrink to hummingbird size, they also don’t
know. Thus, according to their theory, a whole hoard of thousands of kinds
of birds were formed whose very remote ancestor was a frog.
(c) Certain walking animals (of the ground) when
exposed to sea waters were transformed to dolphins and whales. (d) Some
kind of primitive cat (which no longer exists) developed into tigers and
lions, but in certain circumstances it remained short and became the
modern domestic cat. (e) An unknown 55 million year old skeleton of a big
dog- like animal, which they named ‘Hyracotherium,’ was the first ancestor
of all the donkeys, horses, zebras and other hoofed animals; and so on.
Now coming to the technical aspects of this theory, you
should know that the very basis of the theory is unscientific.
1. The first born one-cell microorganism may only
grow bigger but it can never produce sense organs on its own. It is
impossible, because it has no such impulse to observe the outside world.
Senses are never evolved through the evolution process. The impulse to see
or hear or taste or smell or touch is not inherent in the body tissues.
They are the natural impulses of a being who already has his senses and
already has a developed mind.
2. The adaptation or natural selection process can
only effect to change the body color or a slight change in the appearance
of the body, like, Japanese, Indians and Europeans, etc. That’s all. It
cannot tend to create new species. See the human beings around the world
in various environmental situations. You can’t find a group of human
beings who would have started a new human species with a strange body and
3. Technically the mutation process has a very
narrow margin of DNA alteration. So it is unable to create brand new
species. It could only multiply the number of species of only one category
like the various species of tigers and lions. A tiger cannot produce the
species of wolves or dogs or bison. This technical discrepancy crumbles
the whole theory of evolution.
There are hundreds of questions to which the
theory of evolution has no answer. When it says that the inner urge of a
being to accommodate to the new situation causes a change in the body
formation, then why has the evolution now stopped? The intellectual work
load of a human being has increased to at least fifty times more than it
was 6,000 years ago. But a human being still has the same size of brain as
it had before. It didn’t increase with the increased requirement; moreover
there is no sign of the development of any new arm in the human body when
physical activity is also tremendously increased as compared to the
earlier days. It would have been handy to have four hands so the modern
man could work on two computers at the same time, and could work better
and faster in the kitchen or in the office.
The science of instinct, desire, and karm.
The animal world is strictly predominated with
their individual inherent instincts related to their eating, mating and
living habits. There are no premeditated robbers or burglars in the
regular animal world, and there are no such animals who mate with the same
sex. So, they don’t commit sin or do good deed; they only follow their
instincts. For example, they kill but they don’t murder. Whereas every
action of a human being is followed by his personal will and desire, so it
is classified as: evil, bad, selfish, good and devotional; and it is
This is the main difference between an animal and a
human. A human being is not the consequence of any kind of evolution
procedure. He has his own personal characteristics and destiny that
could be as great as becoming a God realized Saint. But an animal, no
matter how gross or how intelligent he is (from a donkey to the most
intelligent being of the animal world, an elephant or a chimpanzee), he is
bound to live and die and remain in the animal world until his soul is
born in a human family. The working of the animal world is based only
on their instincts, and the working of the world of the human beings is
based on their personal desires which creates various classes of karmas
of an individual. Thus, both are entirely separate worlds. They cannot be
Still today all kinds of monkeys, apes, gorillas and
chimpanzees are found in the world, and sometimes some kind of primitive
tribes become extinct and some new tribe may emerge in time. So, if you
collect the skulls of all kinds of gorillas and chimpanzees and all kinds
of skulls of the primitive tribes of today, you can easily categorize them
in a certain order of improvement. But it definitely wouldn’t mean an
evolutionary development, because they all exist in the same age. It
would only show the racial differences of the same period. Thus,
the findings of the skulls of various kinds and classes of brain
improvements and the improvements in the formation of the skull are not
the evidence of human evolution which is wrongly taken by the researchers
and the scientists. These are the racial differences of primitive, more
primitive or less primitive kinds of tribes who lived on the earth planet
in the different parts of the world. They still do exist in the modern
age in the remote areas of the civilized world in the same country. There
is a famous story in Fiji Islands that, about 150 years ago, when the
first missionary went to preach Christianity, he was eaten up by the
native cannibals of Fiji; and still there are cannibals in Asia, Africa
and many other countries also. They also have their body and brain like
modern human beings.
2. General relativity of Einstein.
Newton. In 1687 Newton
discovered ‘gravity’ which was simple to understand. He formulated the
physical laws and detailed his theory known as the Newtonian physics which
is still being used in general classical physics and is good enough to
determine the gravitational and astronomical situations of our planetary
system and our galaxy.
In 1916 Albert Einstein (1879-1955) produced his major
work, the theory of general relativity, in which he presented complex
equations that showed the characteristics and the relativity of ‘space’
and ‘time’ in various situations. He was a kind-hearted man, did many
humanitarian works, believed in the existence of God, played violin for
relaxation, was born in Germany and died in Princeton, USA.
He said that time does not always tick the same
everywhere in the universe. It ticks much slower where there is strong
gravity and it also slows down at extremely high velocity. It means that
the time-length of one hour on the earth planet will be less as compared
to the time-length of one hour on a larger and massive planet. He said
that the space is curved to some extent, which is related to the presence
of the density of energy in the universe. His definition of gravity was
different than Newton’s. He said that gravity is not a force that is
contained in the mass; it is the effect of the distortion that is caused
in the space-time continuum by the presence of a mass. It means that the
existence of a massive object (of any size) creates a derangement in the
smoothness of the space and this distortion gives rise to the
gravitational force that appears to be coming from the object. His other
important aspect of the general relativity was that the light rays do not
always move in a straight line. They bend when passing by a star or any
He also mentioned about the black holes which are
non-shiny bodies in the space with such a strong gravitational force that
even light cannot escape from them. It is absorbed into them. That’s why
they are called black holes. Prior to his general theory of relativity
he also produced his special theory of relativity in 1905 in which
he told about the relation of energy with the matter. He said that matter
is a ‘form’ of energy which may be reconverted into energy. He represented
this fact with his famous formula E = mc2,
where the amount of energy (E) equals to the mass (m) multiplied by the
square of the velocity of light (c2).
Max Planck had developed a theory in 1900 that the energy released from
the atoms is not a continuum, but rather exists in small quantas
(portions). Einstein further developed this theory and said that light is
composed of individual quantas (called photons) that have a
particle/wave-like dual behavior.
3. Quantum mechanics.
The quantum theory deals with the behavior of atomic
and subatomic particles which have dual particle/wave-like
characteristics. Photons, electrons, protons, neutrons, the
subparticles like quarks, antiquarks; they all have dual
behavior. They are particles or quantas of energy so they act like a
smoothly moving particle, but any kind of even minor interference causes
them to act in a wavy motion and in an unpredictable direction. There is
always some kind of interference in the space everywhere, so there is
always an uncertainty in measuring their exact location at a particular
moment. Thus, the fundamental uncertainty of the behavior of the
particles has become the principle of quantum mechanics.
This uncertainty is sometimes quite large. For example:
The uncertainty behavior of an electron in an atom is about the size of
the atom it is orbiting. It means that it can never be predicted where it
would be at a particular moment because it doesn’t follow any definite
orbit. Inside the atom they behave more like waves, but when they are
outside of the atom they behave more like a particle but they are
subjected to wave-like behavior at any time. The largeness of quantum
uncertainty varies in different situations. Apart from the particles, the
composite bodies like atoms and molecules also have a wave-like property
and are governed by the same laws of particle-wave mechanics.
Quantum theory predicts that a whole lot of virtual
particles may pop up any time in empty space. These particles disappear so
quickly (due to the uncertainty principle) that they cannot be measured
directly. However, their assumed existence is required for theoretical
calculations. These particles always appear as particle/antiparticle pairs
in order to conserve all types of charges (such as the common +/- electric
charge) and may have every possible wavelength. Such a probability
with added uncertainty in the quantum theory makes all the known
and unknown particles act, react, and interact in any form and manner and
create any kind of energy, or gravitational or anti-gravitational effect
in the universe. The quantum theory also predicts that energy itself (in
its initial form) may have gravitational or anti-gravitational force, but
there is no explicit gravitational theory in quantum mechanics.