(51) The beginning of kaliyug. (3102 BC)
Kaliyug and Mahabharat war. Lord Krishn
ascended to His Divine abode at the end of dwaparyug and
immediately kaliyug started in 3102 BC. Krishn lived for
over 125 years. He descended on the earth planet in 3228 BC. The
Pandavas, after winning the Mahabharat war, ruled for 36 years and 8
months. Accordingly, the date of Mahabharat war comes to 3139 BC..
The dynasty of Surya Vansh of Kaushal (Ayodhya) ends
with Sumitra (Bhag. 9/12/16); the dynasty of Chandra Vansh of Hastinapur
ends with Chemak (Bhag. 9/22/44, 45); and the dynasties of the
kingdom of Magadh flourished up to the Gupt dynasty (80’s BC).
History of Hastinapur. The kingdom of Hastinapur,
after Chemak, was constantly ruled by the people who took over the
throne. An ancient book describing the date-wise chronology of all the
kings of Hastinapur (Indraprasth or Delhi) from Yudhishthir up to
Vikramaditya and was found by the proprietors of the fortnightly magazine of
Nathdwara (Rajasthan) called “Harishchandra Chandrika and Mohan Chandrika”
in about 1872 AD. Luckily this book was saved from going into the hands of
the British, otherwise it would have been instantly destroyed. The
proprietor of the magazine printed the entire description in two of its
issues (called kiran) 19 and 20 of 1882.
The description is detailed to year-month-days of each
and every king who ruled. By adding the total number of years of the four
Yudhishthir to Vikramaditya, it comes to 3,178 years which is 3141 Kali
era or 39 AD, which represents the date when Vikramaditya left this earth
According to the Bhavishya Puran and Rajtarangini,
Vikramaditya lived between 102 BC and 15 AD; and according to the above
details his period ends by 39 AD. There is only a difference of 24 years
in the date-wise record of 70 kings who ruled Hastinapur for 3,085 years.
A discrepancy of 24 years in 3,000 years of record could be a copying or
printing mistake, and is thus negligible when we are dealing with a longer
span of years. In this way the predicted period of the dynasties of Magadh
and the historic records of the dynasties of Hastinapur correspond with
each other and justify their correctness, and vice versa.
This is only a section of the magazine. It gives full
date-wise detail of each and every king who ruled Hastinapur from
Yudhishthir up to Vikramaditya. This is one of the rarest
records that survived through this magazine.
The beginning of kaliyug, 3102 BC.
We have taken the beginning of kaliyug as the
fixed point to determine the chronological dates
of the events, kings, Divine dignitaries and the important personalities
of our history. It is a common understanding that kaliyug started
about 5,000 years ago (in round figures) and we never had any problems in
the past in accepting this fact. But only after the arrival of the English
people in India, all sorts of baseless criticisms started regarding our
history and religion that were promoted and fostered by them. We had
hundreds of such evidences regarding the date of Mahabharat war and the
beginning of kaliyug in our history books that were destroyed by
the British, still we have more than enough material to fully establish
(a) We still follow the ancient astrological tradition.
There is a most prestigious, 48 page detailed date-wise journal (panchang)
with all the astrological facts and figures called “Vishva Panchangam,”
established in 1925 and published by Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalaya (Benares
Hindu University), Varanasi. It gives all the three eras: Kali era, Vikram
era and (Shalivahan) Shak era.
It is as thus:
It says on page 3 that 5,100 years have already elapsed
before 2056 Vikram year which is 1999 AD. It means that the existing Kali
era is 5101 in 1999 AD, which comes to (5101 - 1999) 3102 BC.
(b) Another panchang of India called “Shree
Saraswati Panchangam” published from Navalgarh, Rajasthan, also gives
all the calculations and says that 5,100 years of kaliyug had
already elapsed before 1999.
(c) The “Vishva Vijay Panchangam”
of Solan, Himachal Pradesh, says,
It means that 5,100 years of kaliyug had already
elapsed before 1999 and 426,900 years of kaliyug are still left.
Kaliyug is of 432,000 years (so, kaliyug started in 3102 BC).
Thus, the best team of the scholars of astrology all
over India give the same figures of 3102 BC and publish it in the
panchang (journal) every year.
These astrological journals are run by a group of the
most learned astrologers of India, and thus it is mindlessness if any
astrologer or scholar unnecessarily tries to argue about their accuracy.
Alberuni. “Alberuni’s India,”
first Indian print 1964 (S. Chand & Co., New Delhi) Volume I. In the
second part of this book on page 4 Alberuni writes, “...the time which
has elapsed since the beginning of kaliyug before our gauge-year,
4132 years, and between the wars of Bharat and our gauge-year there
have elapsed 3479 years.” In the Annotations (p. 358) of the
same book Alberuni tells about his gauge-year, which is: “A.D. 1031,
25th February, a Thursday.”
There is a difference of 968 years between 1031 AD and
1999 AD. Thus, adding 968 years to 4,132 years comes to 5,100 years,
the period that has already elapsed since the beginning of kaliyug
and up till today (1999), and this is exactly what is mentioned in the
astrological journals of India.
Alberuni also mentions about Vikram era (57 BC) and
also the Shalivahan Shak era which starts 135 years after the Vikram era.
Aryabhatt. The greatest astronomer and
mathematician, Aryabhatt, was born in 476 AD. His work in astronomy is an
asset to the scholars. He gave an accurate figure for pi ( ) 3.1416. He
finished his book “Aryabhattiya” in 499 AD in which he gives the exact
year of the beginning of kaliyug. He writes,
“When the three yugas (satyug, tretayug
and dwaparyug) have elapsed and 60 x 60 (3,600) years of kaliyug
have already passed, I am now 23 years old.” It means that in the 3,601st
year of Kali era he was 23 years old. Aryabhatt was born in 476 AD. Thus,
the beginning of kaliyug comes to 3,601 - (476 + 23) = 3102 BC.
There is also the dynastic chronology of Nepal that
goes up to the Mahabharat war.
Kaliyug started in 3102 BC., Yudhishthir reigned
Hastinapur for 36 years and 8 months, the Mahabharat war happened
in 3139 BC. When Bhagwan Krishn left the earth planet and ascended to
His Divine abode, immediately kaliyug started and a catastrophic
rain, storm and sea deluge, that lasted for seven days, totally drowned
and destroyed Dwarika town. This catastrophe was also recorded in
Babylonia’s ancient town Ur (which was mythologized in the West as Noah’s
flood) and the ancient Mayan records. The dates of both are the same.
The unbroken chronology of the exact dates of all
the Hindu kings of the 4 dynasties that ruled Hastinapur (up to
Vikramaditya) since the reign of Yudhishthir is the most potent
evidence and it could be easily understood by anyone, wise or dull, so as
to believe that Mahabharat war had happened about 5,000 years ago in